Tuesday, October 31, 2006

How they got started - Glashuette Original

Although Glashuette Original was launched in 1845, the German region of Glashuette experienced a real impetus only after 1878, when Moritz Grossmann established the German School of Watchmaking and attracted skilled watchmakers by offering an excellent training. In the beginning of the Second World War the watchmakers from Glashuette supplied the Navy and Air Force with their military watches, while by the end of the Second World War they suffered severe bombings and destruction, forcing the spared factories to merge. So VEB Glashuette Watch Factories was created under strict control of the East German goverment.

The model shown in this picture is in 18 carat rose gold, Manual winding movement calibre 65-01 with decentralised hour and minute display, small second, power reserve display, panorama date; silver dial with mounted numerals, silver-coloured hands (for platinum), gold-coloured resp. black hands (for rose gold/steel) polished; housing made of platinum, 18 ct. rose gold or stainless steel burnished/polished, sapphire glasses on top and bottom, screwed base, waterproof up to 3 atm; Louisiana crocodile leather strap, clasp made of platinum resp. fold fastener made of 18 ct. rose gold or stainless steel.

How they got started - Chopard

In 1860 in Sonvilier in the Swiss Jura the company Chopard was founded by Louis-Ulysse Chopard, who himself derived from a watch making family with a sense for innovative ideas. With the support of his famous family the firm soon enjoyed an excellent reputation for its precision watches, and due to the incredible precision Chopard became one of the main suppliers of Swiss Railways. Especially famous is the Happy Diamonds Collection, which distinguishes itself by diamonds moving loose around and on the dialplate. The Happy Diamonds Collection being well recieved by women, Chopard started to invent additional lady’s watches (Happy sport watch), jewels and accessories.

Monday, October 30, 2006

The Marvelous Watch

The Technology Was Developed About 500 Years Ago But Still Keeps People On Time

(CBS) As much of America set back their wristwatches yesterday, it's interesting to note that watches are exquisitely complicated technological marvels with a very long history.

Experts say the first watches were developed in Germany in around 1515. It was really just a matter of miniaturization — taking all the difficult components that used to make enormous clocks work and developing an expertise to make them very small.

Gene Stone knows a thing or two about really, really small watches. He's not only written a book about watches, but is also a watch collector. He owns what he says is the thinnest mechanical watch ever made — a Rolex carved inside a gold coin.

"Of all the watches that I own, there's no question this one gets the most applause," he told Sunday Morning host Charles Osgood. "It's really great."

Creations such as Stone's incredibly thin watch have made Switzerland the pinnacle of fine watch-making. Stone credits religion for this.

"When they all became Calvinists, John Calvin forbid them from doing jewelry, but watches were practical, so he allowed them to make watches," Stone said. "The Swiss have been the kings ever since. By the time the industrial revolution came along, no train conductor could be without an accurate pocket watch to make certain his train was running on time. But it took a war to make wristwatches popular."

Stone said wristwatches didn't become popular for men until World War I.

"Somebody had the bright idea of strapping a pocket watch to your wrist, so all of a sudden you could just look at it," he said.

Today there are as many wristwatch designs as there are minutes in the day. With the advent of quartz movements in the 1960s, accurate watches became affordable for everybody. But now that cell phones and computers now telling time, watches are no longer strictly necessary.

"Certainly for young people, they have so many other ways of telling time," Stone said. "Paradoxically, mechanical watches have emerged as the most prestigious timepieces and the most expensive."

Stone took us to an exclusive boutique so we could see some of the finest mechanical watches. Some cost as much as $200,000.

Revolution magazine editor Mathew Morse tracks the surging sales of mechanical watches and said that the industry is thriving.

"It's growing anywhere from 15 to 25 percent per year. Sales are up in dollar value in the United States for the last three years," he said.

Of course, all these watches require watchmakers. At a new school in Secaucus, N.J., the students are learning that complex watches are more than the sum of their minuscule parts.

"It has a little heart beat, which we call the balance wheel, and I love that," student Anna Bachout said.

©MMVI, CBS Broadcasting Inc. All Rights Reserved.

Posted as:

Meet Your New Business Partner

BusinessMaster Ref: 1110-02-S13

- Chronograph
- Movement: CM OS 20 (quarz) with day display
- Display: 24h Display, seconds and minutes display
- Case: Stainless Steel 316L
- Diameter: 35/45mm, 22mm bracelet width
- Screw down back plate
- Glass: domed diamond film coated mineral glass
- Dial Version: in white, numbers and display in black and red
- Bracelet: Solid Stainless Steel S13
- Waterproof (5 bar pressure tested according to DIN specification 8310)

Available from Riedenschild Precision

SRP: 165,00 Euro - $ 198.00

Krieger Watches

Ira Krieger is the founder of Krieger Watch Corporation, the fast growing Miami Beach firm which originally produced Swiss chronometers for serious sportsmen and sportswomen. As luxurious new models were added to the line, the Krieger watch has risen to become the timepiece of choice of the fashion, celebrity and investment world.

Navigating home by boat with his wife and family from dinner at an oceanside Miami restaurant, Ira Krieger found himself unable to pass under a low bridge because of an unanticipated rise in water level. Unsuccessful in searching for a watch which foretold tides, Krieger determined to invent one featuring all the functions he thought a proper tidal watch should have.

He required high and low tide designations on the rotating bezel as well as a tide display on the dial with a red ball driven by microscopic gears, indicating the present state of the tides. The red ball duplicated the phase of the moon, enabling the sportsman to calculate spring and neap tides. A fancier of fine watches, Krieger decided his watch should be a chronometer, a badge of quality.

A quality Swiss manufacturer was commissioned to adapt a quartz movement to make a watch to Krieger's specifications. One hitch was the minimum order of one thousand timepieces. Bitten by the watch bug, Krieger decided to promote this brainstorm which had become his obsession. He incorporated the Krieger Watch Corporation, adding an accent to the Ë for European cachet.

Designing an attractive, four-color brochure, he sent press releases to boating magazines promoting watches which hadn't yet been delivered.
In November 1988, three years after its conception, Ira received the first 50 Krieger Tidal Chronometers.

Few weeks later the phone in Krieger's law office began ringing off the hook. Ira was dumbfounded. He soon learned that a famous boating magazine had put a cover line on the December issue that said: “For the Christmas gift you always wanted, turn to page 88”. There was the Krieger Tidal Chronometer.

Three months later all 1,000 were gone. That's when Krieger gave up the practice of law. From then on, he was a watch entrepreneur.

Ira Krieger, and Lance Burstyn, current president, have expanded the collection to include many exquisite models. Krieger Watch has made a significant impact in the entire luxury watch industry by:

- Creating the most accurate certified wristwatch ever made, the Krieger Marine Chronometer.

- Inventing the Tidal Chronometer.

- Inventing the Lunar Chronometer.

- Popularizing the testing of Swiss movements and distinction of Officially Certified Swiss Chronometers within the industry.

- Reintroducing and popularizing clear exhibition backs on mechanical watches.

- Introduction of easily interchangeable bands on men’s watches.

- Popularizing Swiss chronometer status quartz movements.

- Introducing automatic chronographs with chronometer status certificates.

Ira Krieger and Lance Burstyn again innvovate with the production of the Gigantium, the pocket watch for your wrist. Now, with the recent invention of the first watch made from clear aluminum, the Mysterium, the Krieger brand bursts ahead of the industry. Burstyn, highly respected for his marketing and public relations experience, is charting the company towards even greater achievement.

More information about these fine timepieces can be found right here!

Sunday, October 29, 2006

Time is what we make of it...

The contemporary Laco Pilot Watch was designed according to the historic original, taking into account even the smallest detail. Thanks to its high precision, its massive case and its clear dial design the observation watch was an essential instrument in the aviation of the 1930s and 1940s. Today as in the past it is a most reliable companion.

The new models of the Laco Pilot Watches are also available with outstanding exquisite features: a high-quality sapphire crystal, refined movement (Côtes de Genève and blued screws) as well as an especially comfortable and breathable calf leather strap. Delivered in a deluxe presentation case with velvet inlay and elegant covering box in black.
The new models of the pilot watches are also available for ladies: a little bit smaller than the gents model but equal in function and elegance. A perfect friend in all circumstances: water resistant to 5 ATM with a power reserve of 40 hours when fully winded. Delivered in a deluxe presentation case with velvet inlay and elegant covering box in black.

The model shown features the following specifications:

Valjoux 7750 Chrono Automatic, Ref. 861063, Series 1 Mechanical lever movement, refined (rotor with Côtes de Genève), blued screws, movement diameter 30,40 mm, automatic winding mechanism, ball bearing rotor, 25 jewels, shock protected, balance spring Nivarox, unbreakable mainspring and sliding attachment, power reserve when fully winded 40 hours, analogue display of hour, minute, small seconds, chronograph 60 seconds, counter 30 minutes and 12 hours, with a date and day window, 2 push buttons, precise regulating device. Case diameter 42 mm.

The Detail holds the potential of class

The problem: The crown as a potential danger - almost never used, but almost ever disturbing. The idea: Placing the crown in 12 o'clock position. The solution: The innovative case lug with twin joint. Makes sense - looks unmistakable. Only in the Laco navy watch.

ETA 9040 / ETA 2824-A2 Automatic, Ref. 861208
Mechanical lever movement, refined(rotor with Côtes de Genève), blued screws, movement diameter 26,20 mm, automatic winding mechanism, ball bearing rotor, 24 jewels, shock protected, balance spring Nivarox, unbreakable sliding attachment, power reserve when fully winded 40 hours, completely fluorescent face, analogue display of hour, minute and centre second as well as the power reserve in hours, date window.

In addition to the features of the Laco navy watch series 0 with the crown in 12 o'clock position, the Laco special series 1 provides the ultimate in watchmaking handicraft: Automatic movement with power reserve display - it will always let you know when your watch needs movement (it will last for at least 40 hours after full winding-up).

Saturday, October 28, 2006

Montres Edouard Lauzières

Reference No. 122-GDC-11

Movement: ETA 2824-2, self wind, 25 jewels
Case: Steel 316 L
Glass: Sapphire Crystal
Band: vintage style calf skin leather strap
Buckle: general buckle
Plating / Diameter 38mm
Finishing see through sapphire case back
Guilloche dial with applied numerals
Orange coated seconds hand
Date window at 6 o'clock
Water resistant 50 meters (5ATM)

Watches by Edouard Lauzières

Reference No. 122-GDC-01

Movement: ETA 2824-2, self wind, 25 jewels
Case Steel: 316 L
Glass: Sapphire Crystal
Band: Calf skin leather strap
Buckle: General buckle
Plating / Diameter 38mm
Finishing see through sapphire case back
Guilloche dial with applied index marker
Blue coated seconds hand
Date window at 6 o'clock
Water resistant 50 meters (5ATM)

Discovering Different Kinds of Watches

Author: Mitch Johnson

Pocket watch was first made in 1520. Then it keeps on improving with time and we have a lot of choices. They come in all shape and sizes and different designs and decorated with different types of ornaments. One of the most important thing in a watch is it movements accuracy and the materials and their durability.

Watches The making of pocket-watches may be said to have begun with small ones of spherical shape about 1520. These resembled pomanders and were worn similarly; from a chain round the neck, or at the girdle. The round flat watch came later, and was enclosed in a plain inner case, usually of silver, and an outer case with elaborate ornamentation. The movements are found to be most carefully made, and the cock, or cover of the balance wheel, usually pierced and engraved in a complicated pattern.

The maximum decoration was given to watches by the French and Swiss: cases of gold were enameled or set with precious stones, and intricate movements with small automata that struck the hours were made. The watches of Abraham Louis Breguet, born in Switzerland and working in France, are among the very finest ever made. He died in 1823 and it has been said by an expert that 'all his watches show perfect workmanship, originality in design and beauty in form'. Like the early eighteenth-century work of Thomas Tompion, that of Breguet has been faked, and the fame of both makers was so great in their lifetimes that many of the forgeries were contemporary with them.

Musical boxes Musical boxes are nearly as old as clocks. They operate by a barrel with protruding pegs striking the teeth of a steel comb or operating bells.

The most familiar ones are those of small size frequently in the form of snuffboxes, many of which are adapted to play more than one tune. They are supposed to have been invented by a Swiss, Louis Favre of Geneva, and most of the good movements were made in that country.

Some are incredibly small and were fitted into fob seals, sealing-wax holders, penknives and other articles where they might surprise a listener. A refinement was the fitting of a tiny bellows to work a whistle, which led to the making of boxes containing a small hidden bird. This would pop up and sing, to disappear when the song was ended and stay hidden until the operating button was pressed again.

Late in the eighteenth century clocks were fitted sometimes with a musical box in the base, which played when the hour had struck. Grandfather clocks were made to play a short tune on bells at the hour, and on some it was possible to choose one of several melodies.

In the nineteenth century many large musical boxes were made, some playing a number of tunes and fitted with interchangeable barrels. Others played principally on a steel comb, but had bells as well and incorporated small drums played by colored butterflies. The gramophone replaced them finally.

Books Clocks: Watchmakers and Clockmakers of the World, by G. H. Baillie* (1947), lists about 35,000 names of clock and watchmakers up to 1825. Old Clocks and Watches and Their Makers, by F. W. Britten, is the standard work. Some Outstanding Clocks
Over Seven Hundred Years 1250-1950, by H. Alan Lloyd, is a magnificently illustrated work on the subject; Arco Publishing Co., New York, distributes it. Many books on the subject are published every year.

Watches Watches, by G. H. Baillie (1929) and The Story of Watches, by T. P. Camerer Cuss. English Watches, by J. F. Hayward, V. & A. museum, 1956.* Musical Boxes, and Automata: Les Automates, by A. Chapuis and Edmond Droz, published in Neuchatel in 1949 and Musical Boxes, by J. E. T. Clark.

Musical boxes in the late eighteenth century were sometimes fitted with clock, which would give music when the clock had struck an hour. With the improvements of clocks and watches there have been vast improvements in the kind of musical boxes and their sounds, etc.

About the author:
Mitch Johnson is a regular writer for / , ,

History of Wenger Watch

Author: Zai Zhu

Watch is not only used for time but since a long time it is also used as a fashionable item. The variety of look and design were used to modify and make the watch attractive. Various jewelry items such as silver, gold, diamond and platinum were incorporated in various proportions by the manufacturers to give a watch an attractive look.

Early Watch Manufacturing:

In the history, 1524 is known to be the earliest watch manufacturing year, however early manufacturing begins in France and in the year 1574 a watchmaker named as Charles Cousin shifted to Geneva in Switzerland from France and settled there and got citizenship after thirteen year. During that period, the watch was being used a jewel and became available for masses much later.

Charles Cousin founded a watch guild in Geneva and during the period Switzerland watches became famous. There were various watchmakers in Switzerland before Charles Cousin, but the commitment of Charles Cousin to organize the sector has given boost to the quality manufacturing and propagating the quality to the world. The timepieces made during the period were not perfect as of today. These first timepieces were inaccurate and most of the watches have only hour hand and had to be wound twice a day.

During the period 1600 to 1700, the watches remain a jewelry pieces and the period also saw technical innovation. Two types of watches pendulum and pocket watch were made available during the period. During 1675, a spiral balance spring was used, which improved the accuracy of timekeeping from a fraction of hour earlier to a fraction of minute. Till 1675, the pendulum type were used in the neck, Charles II of England introduced long waistcoats and men used the pockets of these waistcoats to put the watches.

By 1715, English watch makers started using diamond as bearings. By the ends of century the upper bearing of the balance shaft were likely to have the diamonds. During the early 1800's, the machines for manufacturing watches were developed and clock parts were being manufacturers and subsequently the cost of various watches came down. In late 1800's many well-known watch companies came.

Wenger Watches - History:

Wenger Company came into existence in the year 1893, when Paul Boechat found the company Paul Boechat and Cie, a knife factory in Courtetelle. Since then they have a history of manufacturing and achieving excellence in many products. In 1895, another group of Delsberg takes over the company and renamed it as Fabrique Swiss de Coutellerie S.A. In 1898 Theo Wenger became the director and after purchasing Basler, the merged company renamed as Schweizer besleckfabrik and company operations were moved to Delsberg.

In 1907, Theo Wenger became the owner of the company and renamed the company as Wenger and company SA. In 1908, Wenger was chosen as supplier of knife for Swiss Army, since then the Wenger watches also contains the term "SWISS ARMY" on the various models of watches supplied by Wenger. After 14 years in 1922 Kasper Oeretti purchased majority equity holding and renamed the company as Wenger SA. After twenty-five years Max Oertli takes over the management of the company. In 1988, Wenger watch collection is launched and in the year 2003, Wenger launches the Swiss Business Tools globally.

Classical Models of Wenger Wrist watches:

Some of the classical watch models of Wenger includes Aerograph day date, Alpine 2-eye day date, Alpine Swiss Rallye limited edition, aqua graph deep diver for male and Commando chrono, escort, and Alpenrose for females. All these watches are available from a range of $ 150 to $ 500 in the market.

About the author:
Zai Zhu is a watch collector and a watch dealer. Visit here to shop over 1000 styles of watches including many Wenger watches, Invicta watches, Citizen watches, Luminox watches, and many more, as well as to learn about watches.

Thursday, October 26, 2006

Zenith - A Small History of a Big Brand

Author: Nick Lagonsky

The foundation of the famous Swiss watch brad Zenith dates back to 1865. For over 140 years the company creates complicated timepieces. Throughout its history the company has won more that 1560 prizes. The founder of the company by the name of Georges Favre-Jacot had only 22 years when he built his watchmaking business in Le Locke, a canton in Neuchatel.

He combined under one roof some of the best qualified watch manufacturers and supplied them with the tools necessary for the creation of unique and precise timepieces. The trademark of the brand is symbolic. The founder selected as a symbol a star while he was watchking the night sky.

The name zenith came up quickly. George always thought of achieving high results and bring the name of the company to a high level, to establish it about the best famous brands of watchmaking. The term zenith means the pinnacle of the highest point.

The success of the company continuously grew and already by 1875 it included 1/3 of the population involved in the watch manufacturing of the town Le Locle. Zenith created pendulum clocks, pocket watches and various naval tools. Later in 1896 Zenith won the first prize award at the Swiss National Fair which took place in Geneva.

By the beginning of the 20th century the company already produced about two million timepieces and opened its shops in the worlds well-known megapolises like: Paris, London, Geneva, New York and Moscow. During the period between the 1930s and the 1940s the demand for precision watches increase mainly among civil aviation.

After the Second World War the company expanded itself by creating watches for the French Air Force, British navy and also Italian Royal Navy. During the 1970s when the quartz revolution began the company tried to adopt its products to the high demand for quartz movements but afterwards the managers of the company thought that the mechanical movements we surely see there comeback.

This is why Zenith continued producing mechanical watches with complicated mechanisms to maintain its status of one of the best Swiss watchmaking companies that creates precision timepieces.
Some of the brand's most famous models are now available at a lower price. This became possible thanks to the brilliant copies that our shop provides.

Every Swiss watch is made of high-quality materials to assure precision timekeeping. A Swiss watch has the same features and design as the genuine timepiece which is why you will enjoy having it on your wrist. The low price, high-quality and precision timekeeping make each Swiss replica watch a good choice for everyone who's into modern and futuristic.

About the author:

Some of the Watch models you may find at our shop. There's a wide range of watches that you will certainly like.
Every Watch is accurately copied and brilliantly designed. You will definitely find the models that suits you among the timepieces presented on the website.

Pre Owned and Vintage Omega Watches

Author: Jay Steele

Shopping for pre-owned Omega Watches, also known as "second hand", "used", "vintage" or whatever other term someone comes up with, can be very rewarding if you are looking for a really good deal. You can save literally thousands of dollars by buying a "like new" pre-owned Omega watch versus buying a new one from an authorized dealer. Of course, if you are looking for a "limited edition" model or one of the models favored by collectors, expect to pay a premium.

However, you must also be very careful that you are actually getting what is advertised. In recent years, replica watch manufacturers have actually started producing "new" replicas of some of the most popular "vintage" Swiss watches and Omega is one of their latest favorite targets. So, as a word of warning, be sure you know WHO you are buying from and WHAT you are getting.

If you do not personally have the expertise to evaluate a pre-owned Omega watch, find someone who can help you out. One of the best resources I use is the "Replica Watch Report" by Richard Brown. This is a relatively inexpensive investment that will save you both time and money. The book is full of great tips and pictures to help you verify whether or not a watch is authentic.

"Omega has been subjected to some of the most accurate counterfeit watches on the market. There is a large secondary market for Omega parts which the counterfeiters tap into when making their clones." ~ Richard Brown, "Replica Watch Report" (For more information, visit)

If you want to see what I am talking about, click on this link and take a close look at the watch pictured.

So, what do you think - is it real or is it a fake? Can't tell?

If you aren't sure whether you are looking at an authentic Omega or a fake from that picture then you might want to consider getting some help (unless you don't mind paying way too much money for a replica). By the way, don't feel bad if you can' tell. Two of the biggest "flaws" with replicas are the absence of the anti-reflective coating on the crystal and the links on the band, which you can only identify if you actually have the watch in your hand.

OK, now if I haven't scared you off yet, and you have decided that you are definitely in the market for pre-owned Omega watches then the next logical question is "Where do I find them"? Well, there are lots of sources - online and offline. If you feel confident and are willing to take the time then local antique shops, flea markets, pawn shops and auctions are a great source. I think that these are the best places to go if you are looking for a real "find".

If you don't have the time or energy to be shopping forever then the best online source, in my opinion, is on eBay. Due to its popularity, eBay may still attract some unsrcupulous sellers yet it is still a very viable marketplace and the feedback system can in fact help safeguard you from making a regrettable purchase.

As long as you follow common sense guidelines in checking out the sellers, you can find some great deals on pre-owned Omega watches for both men and women. For example, I recently saw one lucky buyer get a vintage Omega Seamaster Automatic Watch from the 1960's for less than $170.00 (my credit card is getting nervous just thinking about it). As of this writing there were over 400 current listings for vintage Omega watches on eBay.

Good luck in your search and I hope we have helped you find what you are looking for. By the way, if you come across any other great sources of pre-owned or vintage Omega watches, feel free to share that information with us by going to and clicking on the "Comments" link at the bottom of the page.

We would love to hear from you!

About the author:
Jay Steele is a watch enthusiast and author of the popular website Your Guide to Watches which was born out of his passion for watches. It provides guides and reviews for many watch brands - including Omega watches. If you have a passion or hobby you'd like to write about and turn it into a website like Jay has visit to learn more.

Wednesday, October 25, 2006

The History of Erich Lacher Watches

The Beginning

The company Lacher & Co. – the name Laco deriving from the first syllables - was founded by Frieda Lacher and Ludwig Hummel in Pforzheim in the middle of the 1920s. At the time, Pforzheim's many watch manufacturers used to fit their casings almost exclusively with Swiss mechanisms, either delivered complete, or as individual parts – a considerable saving in customs duties – which could then be finished and re-assembled by the factories themselves.

Frieda Lacher and Ludwig Hummel's young business made a successful start, yet after a few years the founders were to go their separate ways. Hummel continued to manage the greater part of the original company, the Laco watch-making factory, while Frieda Lacher branched off into the production of precision parts for wristwatches, such as wheels and pinions. Later, under the direction of her son Erich Lacher, Frieda's branch was to start producing complete watches again. Erich Lacher entered the firm in 1936, which was then renamed the "Erich Lacher Uhrenfabrik".

However, it was Laco-Durowe which developed to become a world-class brand and Pforzheim's main watch producer through the sister company "Lacher & Co.", run by Hummel. Hummel, born July 26th 1889 in Engelsbrand (nr. Pforzheim), wanted to do more than simply fit Swiss mechanisms into casings. Hummel, along with several other Pforzheim watchmakers, strove to become independent of the Swiss manufacturers, with the aim of producing his own line of watches. The fact that the wristwatch was comparatively slow to take off in Germany, and that many of Pforzheim's assembly plants continued to need the rough movements from Switzerland, made Hummel's plans somewhat harder to realise.

So it was that in 1933 he founded a mechanism-producing company (Durowe -Deutsche Uhren-Rohwerke) which, from the outset, was to supply not only his own Laco plant but other watchmakers as well. The production range was soon to include a wide assortment of high quality wristwatch mechanisms. On offer were two round mechanisms - 8 ¾ (cal. 318) and 10 ½ (cal. 410) lines respectively, and three non-round mechanisms – 5 ¼ (cal. 50), 7 ¾ x 11 (cal. 275) and 10 ½ lines - distinguished by an additional "F" for Formwerk. All of the models were pallet anchor mechanisms with clutch winds – by no means the general rule at that time. Cylinder anchor and pin pallet fork mechanisms were still favoured, with full pallet fork mechanisms tending to feature ratchet winds, whose quality and design were considered less sophisticated.

But let's get back to the company's history. It continued to grow steadily until the outbreak of the Second World War, with the number of mechanisms produced per month increasing from to 20,000 to 30,000. Even during the war, Laco continued to manufacture watches and mechanisms, in particular the aviators' watches. In both models ticked a first-class Durowe 22 line pallet bridge movement, adjusted with chronometer accuracy.

A company of international standing

The war ended catastrophically for almost all the Pforzheim manufacturers, including Laco. During a devastating air-raid by the Allies, all the factories were destroyed and more than 80% of the town itself was reduced to rubble. However, the work of rebuilding was to begin soon after the end of the war, and Laco and its sister firm were back in business again by 1949. Helped by the Marshall Plan, Ludwig Hummel built an impressively large 5-storey edifice to house Laco-Durowe, which was later further extended, so that by the middle of the 1950s 1,400 people were working there. Production of rough movements rose to 80,000 a month, giving some idea of the company's dramatic growth over this period.

The years up until 1959 may be regarded as Lacher's "golden age". Laco enjoyed a strong market position with the manual wind and - starting in 1952 - with the automatic models, while Durowe supplied various watchmakers with an ever-increasing number of reliable and high-quality movements.

Unique to Pforzheim

Seen through the eyes of collectors and enthusiasts of German precision engineering, this period offers a wealth of particularly interesting models.
Firstly, the "Laco-Sport" which introduced the "Duromat" - 11 ½ lines (552 cal.), the first automatic movement to be produced by Durowe as of 1952. This movement, with its 18,000 semioscillations and two-directional rotor, based on the 422 cal. manual wind, made Durowe one of the first German manufacturers of automatics.
Neither to be forgotten is the 1957 Laco-Chronometer. A unique movement was developed especially – the manual wind 630 (13 lines) – with which Laco aimed to repeat the success of the aviator watches. Exactly how many Laco-Chronometers were produced is not known, but the number is unlikely to have been great.
Later Durowe brought out the slimmest German automatic ever (1963-4). The "Planomat" – 11 ½ lines, 600 cal. – checked in at a mere 4.6 mm, while the model featuring a date function (610 cal.) measured 4.75 mm.

Laco goes global

By this time, Laco-Durowe had already been owned for some years by the U.S. Time Corporation, better known as "Timex". As a result of a slump in sales, Ludwig Hummel sold the company to the American watchmaking giant on 01.02.59, Timex being particularly interested in Laco-Durowe's advanced research into the possibilities of electrical and electronic timepieces. With the emphasis heavily on this aspect of the business, the "Laco-electric" was to appear in 1961 - Germany's first reliably functioning electric watch. An attempt by a Mr Epperlein of Ersingen to introduce the first electric watch onto the market in 1958 had been largely unsuccessful, owing to design flaws. So here too, it was Lacher that was to set the technical pace.

The company did not remain long in American ownership. On 01.09.1965, the Swiss firm Ebauches S.A. took over Durowe – however, Lacher & Co. and the brand name Laco were not swallowed up. The Swiss, who from now on wanted Durowe to produce only mechanical movements for ladies' and gents' wristwatches, acquired easy access to the markets of the then E.E.C.- today's European Union - through the German company. Durowe remained a dominant producer – in 1974, a total of 550,000 movements were manufactured.

However, the Japanese quartz revolution was to mean that even the once mighty Laco-Durowe concern soon sank into oblivion.

Laco reborn

Fortunately, during the 1980s someone at Erich Lacher Uhrenfabrik – which all these years had continued to exist and produce as Laco's "little sister" – still remembered the two companies' joint beginnings, and the prestige of the Laco name. Consequently, on September 8th 1988 the managing partner Horst Günther acquired the rights to the Laco name and logo, which enabled the company to start producing a modern range of high-quality Laco watches. Even today, some of these watches are still mechanical – but they now tick with a Swiss "heart", just as in the early years of the Lacher business. The fortunes of the firm lie in the hands of Andreas Günther, the sixth management generation.

To celebrate the watchmaking company's 75th anniversary, Lacher is re-issuing 75 of its legendary '40s pilots' watches – 80% of the parts used having been replicated from the original model. All the other components, in particular the pinions and the wheel plate for the indirectly driven central second hand, were manufactured in limited quantities. The 75 limited edition watches sold for 7.500,- DM a piece.

Recalling its long years of manufacturing experience, Lacher has also developed an anniversary range of five scaled-down wristwatches. The collection has been produced in accordance with the original designs, but boasts the latest workings for a modern twist. The following collection models are available from May 2000:

- 3-hand quartz watch with date function, Movement RONDA 515
- Quartz chronograph watch, Movement ISA 8161.201
- Automatic watch with date function, Movement ETA 2824.2
- Manual wind with miniature second, Movement Unitas 6498
- Automatic chronograph watch, Movement Valjoux 7750

As the anniversary edition of the Laco pilot watches was such a great success the company Lacher decided to launch at the beginning of the year 2003 a new pilot watch series of even higher quality. These five new models are available exclusively with refined mechanical movements (Côte de Genève and blued screws) which can be seen through the exhibition back. All those models are equipped with stainless steel cases and a domed sapphire crystal. A de-luxe presentation box including a spare leather strap underlines the high quality of this new series of pilot watches. Furthermore it comprises two models with a case diameter of 36 mm which makes them also available for ladies.

Tuesday, October 24, 2006

Collecting Watches

Title: Collecting Watches - How to Avoid the Famous Swiss Sleight of Mouth Scam

Author: Desmond Guilfoyle

The comeback of the mechanical watch has been nothing short of a miracle, except when it hasn't!

On the one hand, we're talking of a marvel of Lazarus proportions, because who would have thought during those dark days of the Japanese quartz invasion that Swiss analogue watch making would awaken from its death throes to live, thrive and,
once again, bite the hand that fed it. In the late 1970s, as Neuchâtel fell, Geneva surrendered, and Biel-Bienne, and Grenchen were waving white flags, the joke was that the only chance of survival the Swiss had was to make their mechanical
watches out of cheese and offer free yodelling lessons as part of a value-adding package!

Why, when the clamour for all things digital is reaching new and ridiculous heights, is the analogue/mechanical watch enjoying such a return to favour? The answer is that more than a measure of the magician's art has shadowed the revival of the analogue watch. Over the last two decades, some very clever and inimitably Swiss sleight-of-mouth has convinced an army of cashed-up individuals to part with their money and sign up for analogue watches.

Some of the zeal for new analogue timepieces is fuelled by those who have joined the ranks of what I term the horological petrol-heads. These are the Knights Templar of the horological world, mainly men, who are driven by the intrinsic beauty and
engineering of high end timepieces and who also have a love and deep respect for the unique culture and heritage of 400 years of fine watch making. You'll find them sharing their knowledge and passion in watch forums, in fact, anywhere that other
horological petrol-heads congregate.

The other, much larger group, consists of Brand Junkies and Wannabees. Brand junkies are usually, but not always, moneyed professionals who have a wardrobe stuffed with
Italian suits, a garage that houses one or two very good marques, a boat, ideally a history of indiscretions and money to burn on brands. They are, above all else, compulsively acquisitive. There's nothing wrong with using one's wealth to buy the finer comforts in life, but brand junkies and wannabees have fallen for some very creative marketing hype about the exclusivity of many brands of Swiss mechanical watches that don't stand up to exclusivity tests.

The brand junkie's compulsion to collect high-end names or the products of Haute Luxe celebrities has more to do with vanity inflation, the need to feed a status habit, or the deep hope that some of the brand's exclusivity will rub off on him,
or her. Wannabees are driven by similar urges, but don't have the readies to become fully paid-up members of the Brand Junkie brigade.

Because of their primary interest in ersatz exclusivity and their disinterest in the engine that powers the brand, brand junkies have been the target and indeed the greatest victims of the Swiss industry's sleight-of-mouth activities. Ask your
average brand junkie what a manufacture is and s/he is more likely to say that it has something to do with telling strategic lies, than explaining that a manufacture is a top-end watch making house that makes all of the components and parts of the watch movement in-house. A number of Establisseurs (factories that only engage in assembling watches from parts manufactured by specialist suppliers)are keen to help them maintain their ignorance.

Some brands are produced by marques that form part of the Swatch conglomerate, amongst which are famous names like Breguet, Blancpain, and, of course, Omega. The Swatch Group manufactures nearly all the parts required to produce complete mechanical watches, and if you consider it as one 'house' then it follows that the aforementioned brands are from a manufacture.

The right course appears to be to consider each model on its merits: where Swatch produce movements that are exclusive to one of its brands, then it's fair and reasonable to award high points for authenticity and exclusivity. Where a Swatch brand shares a movement with other Etablisseurs then one should allow lower marks for authenticity and exclusivity.

Brand junkies will pay thousands of dollars for brands powered by 'ebauches (Third-party movements, parts and components manufactured by suppliers of movements). A lot of watch brands buy their movements and conceal that fact by engraving their names on the plates and rotors. The ETA 2892 movement is one of the more common ebauches that sits under many of the swankier and expensive names to which brand junkies gravitate.

What's this got to do with collecting Omega Constellations of the 1950s - 1970s? Read on, and all will be revealed.

Rolex, on occasions, and Panerai use ebauches, notwithstanding the fact that they choose one of the finer engines on this planet, namely the famous Zenith El Primero movement. Some other European brands buy Japanese movements and some are buying
Chinese movements.

The use of ebauches is not the problem. The cottage industry tradition in Swiss watch making institutionalised the use of ebauches. They were originally made by rural folk as a winter pastime when they and their cows had to stay indoors
because of the severity of the Swiss weather.

It is the failure of many of the upper market brands to tell their customers that their watches are powered by ebauches that is the problem. What makes it even more
galling is that the propaganda of many of these brands milks the exclusivity line for all it's worth.

Some of the better houses do use high end ebauches from manufactures like Jaeger LeCoultre and modify them, work up a good finish, add more jewels, etc., and the finished product is significantly different from the base calibre, thus elevating
the exclusivity factor.

But, many of the swankier fashion marques that attract brand junkies as effectively as jam does flies are powered by relatively cheap or ubiquitous 'ebauches and not all that well finished. If history is anything to go by, these brands will depreciate rapidly over a decade or so to the point where they have not much more value than the novelty of the case design and the worth of the metal from which they're made.

So if you are looking for both horological and monetary value, which houses actually make their own movements? Brands like Jaeger-LeCoultre, Patek Phillipe, and A. Lange & Söhne are true manufactures' because they use their own in-house movements, while brands like Audemars Piguet, Zenith, Chopard and Piaget will sometimes use ebauches for particular models and in-house movements for others. These brands offer true value, exclusivity and much higher levels of future collectibility, but they are very expensive.

There is a rush by some brands to mend their ways and manufacture some of their movements in-house, perhaps because they believe that, sooner rather than later, the game will be up, and brand junkies will begin to make distinctions hitherto unheard of. Let's hope the fashionistas don't throw the baby out with the bath water and declare all 'ebauches out of bounds, or out of fashion.

This leads us to Omega Constellations of the 1950s to the 1970s. The 300, 500, 700 and 1000 series of chronometer movements were all made in-house by the Omega Watch Company before it was swallowed by the Swatch Group. They were some of the best
movements ever made and this gives them intrinsic and horological value, ensuring their future collectibility.

The most important point of difference when buying any watch is the movement. Whether buying new or vintage, give equal consideration to case design, metal content, whether the brand has an in-house movement, and, if not, the degree to which the base calibre has been modified and finished. This will give the watch true credibility, authenticity and real, not imagined, exclusivity.

(c) Desmond Guilfoyle, 2006

About the author:

Desmond Guilfoyle in an award winning commentator on influence, persuasion and charisma. He has written three books on those subjects and his book 'The Charisma Effect' has been published in seven languages around the globe. He can be contacted at or through his blog at He also runs an Omega Collectors blog at

History of Croton watch

Author: Zai Zhu


Watch is not only used for time but since a long time it is also used as a fashionable item. The variety of look and design were used to modify and make the watch attractive. Various jewelry items such as silver, gold, diamond and platinum were incorporated in various proportions by the manufacturers to give
watch an attractive look.

Early Watch Manufacturing:

In the history, 1524 is known to be the earliest watch manufacturing year, however early manufacturing begins in France and in the year 1574 a watchmaker named as Charles Cousin shifted to Geneva in Switzerland from France and settled there
and got citizenship after thirteen year. During that period, the watch was being used a jewel and became available for masses much later.

Charles Cousin founded a watch guild in Geneva and during the period Switzerland watches became famous. There were various watchmakers in Switzerland before Charles Cousin, but the commitment of Charles Cousin to organize the sector has given
boost to the quality manufacturing and propagating the quality to the world. The timepieces made during the period were not perfect as of today. These first timepieces were inaccurate and most of the watches have only hour hand and had to be wound twice a day.

During the period 1600 to 1700, the watches remain a jewelry pieces and the period also saw technical innovation. Two types of watches pendulum and pocket watch were made available during the period. During 1675, a spiral balance spring was used, which improved the accuracy of timekeeping from a fraction of hour earlier to a fraction of minute. Till 1675, the pendulum type were used in the neck, Charles II of England introduced long waistcoats and men used the pockets of these waistcoats to put the watches.

By 1715, English watch makers started using diamond as bearings. By the ends of century the upper bearing of the balance shaft were likely to have the diamonds. During the early 1800's, the machines for manufacturing watches were developed and clock parts were being manufacturers and subsequently the cost of various watches came down. In late 1800's many well-known watch companies came and croton watch is one of them.

Croton Watch Company:

Croton Watch Company Inc. was established in the year 1878 and since then the family is continuously running business. Croton Watch Company Inc. is operated from New Jersey, USA. More than 128 years old company is known worldwide for the classical
watches. Since the inception of the business, the family is fostering the business in not only United States, but throughout the globe.

Croton wristwatches are classically designed to keep the trends and advances in trend setting for the future generation. The various models of Croton watches have been featured in various magazines including Harpers Bazaar magazine. The models
available with Croton are sometimes better than the costlier models supplied by other companies. Croton watch comes with a lifetime warranty.

Classical Models of Croton Wrist watches:

Some of the classical watch models of croton includes RC 307335 wrist watch for male, RC 211069 wrist watch for female, Croton ladies watch model 207758 RHMP, Croton men's stainless steel limited edition Swiss automatic multifunction diamond bracelet watch, Croton men's nicolet sport stainless steel bracelet watch, croton skeleton dial watch. All these watches are available from a range of $ 70 to $ 700 in the market.

About the author:
Zai Zhu is a watch collector and a watch dealer. Visit to shop over 1000 styles of watches including many Croton watches, Invicta watches, Orient watches, Luminox watches, and many more, as well as to learn about watches.

Monday, October 23, 2006

A Time before Clock and Watches

Author: Thomas Young

How Time Was Measured Before the Clock

How many times have you wondered, "What time is it?" and turned
to your wrist only to find you forgot to put on your watch. We
have become so programmed to know what time it is and schedule
our lives around it that it is second nature to bend your arm,
turn your wrist and get the answer. It has not always been so
easy, or even necessary as you will see by looking back to a
time before clocks and watches.

Like Night and Day

The precision with which we measure time today is light years
away from how it was done, not so long ago. Time was once
measured completely by the universe around us - and still is in
a sense when you understand the science and physics behind the
measurement of time and what makes a clock work (more on this in
part 2). What earlier civilizations knew and relied upon each
day was that the sun came up and went down and that block of
time became a day. To measure greater expanses, the moon and its
reliable cycles were also observed. The moon was used to measure
the time period which came to be known as a month - more
technically a lunar month of 28 days - or the time it took for
the moon to go from new to crescent to full and new again.

Ancient Civilization

Even more than just observing the moon, sun, and planets, there
are artifacts that show us that time was measured a bit more
precisely. Early calendars and "clocks" were found in what is
now Iraq, once the dwelling place of the ancient Sumerians, and
consisted of a calendar that was divided into 30 day segments
according to the cycle of the moon. It was then divided into 12
sections which corresponded to 2 hours of today's time. Further,
the calendar was sectioned off into 30 more parts equivalent to
4 modern-day minutes.

Stonehenge is located in England and was built more than 4,000
years ago. Not much is completely understood about this
mysterious structure, but the way it is positioned has
scientists believing that it somehow was used to record seasons
and the phenomenon of lunar eclipses and the like.


The Sumerian culture passed away without the information about
their timekeeping being discovered until more modern times. The
next phase of more precise time measurement was used by the
Egyptians. They created the Obelisk around 3500 BC which looked
like today's Washington Monument, well-known to visitors of the
Nation's capital. This tall, tapered monument would cast shadows
throughout the day, but was primitive still in how closely the
time periods could be measured. It mostly reflected a change
between morning and afternoon, and how the days would get
shorter or longer with the seasons.

The sundial on the other hand was first used about 1500 BC and
was a much smaller and more portable timekeeping device. It was
divided into 10 equal parts with two additional segments
representing twilight and dawn. The sundial itself then emerged
from a horizontal plate to a bowl shape with pointer and
inscribed lines to mark off the hours. It is believed that by 30
BC there were more than 13 different styles of sundials used in
the evolving societies of Asia Minor, Italy, and Greece.

When one thinks about the precision of a finely crafted Swiss
timepiece it is hard to imagine a time when time was so
ambiguous. Could society function without time measurements to
the very minute? Perhaps in another millennium society will
wonder how we functioned living in just one time.

This is the first of a series of articles on the evolution of
time measuring and how timepieces come to become what they are

About the author:
Thomas Young is a watch collector. Visit for information on over 200 different brands of watches including popular brands like Citizen Watch and Rolex Watches. It is purely an informational site.

The History of the Watch

Author: Martin Smith

Before learning about watches you should be familiar with some
of the terminology. The word horology has two meanings; it is
the study or science of measuring time or the art of making
clocks, watches, and devices for telling time.

Since the first appearance of man on the earth an effort has
been made to measure time. The tracking of the sun's movement
across the sky, candles that were marked at intervals, oil lamps
with a marked reservoir, sandglasses (hourglasses) are some of
the ways in which time was measured. In the Orient knotted cords
and small stone or metal mazes filled with incense that would be
burned at a specific rate.

Water clocks did not depend on the observation of the sky or the
sun. The earliest water clock was found in the tomb of Amenhotep
I who was buried around 1500 B.C. Greeks called them clepsydras;
they were stone containers with sloped sides that allowed water
to drip at an almost constant rate from a small hole in the
bottom. Other clepsydras were cylinders or bowl shaped designed
to slowly fill up with water coming in at a near constant pace.
Markings on the inside of the bowl marked the passage of the
hours. Though this was used primarily at night, it is thought
they were used in the day hours as well. A metal bowl with a
hole the bottom was placed in a larger bowl filled with water.
It would fill and then sink in a certain amount of time.

Since water flow was not exactly predictable and difficult to
control the flow accurately, timepieces that depended on water
were very inadequate. People were drawn to develop more accurate
ways of measuring and telling time.

The development of quartz crystal clocks and timepieces depended
on the crystal size, shape, and temperature to create a
frequency. Quartz clocks and watches continue to be popular.
They work well enough for the price and although they tend to be
slightly 'off' the correct time most people can afford them.

The first watches had a natural movement but no minute hand.
They had to be wound every twelve hours. Watches were originally
worn more for adornment than functionality. Timepieces worked
with weights but these were not practical in portable timepieces.

Time measurement has been a goal of man from the beginning and a
time line will help you understand how we got to where we are
with watches. Watches have so many new functions. They have the
date, the time, times across time zones and some have stop
watches. Most watches have some kind of an alarm in them. The
possibilities are endless and I can really see a Dick Tracy type
of watch being real.

Here is a timeline of watch history. Some of the years might not
be listed in chronological order but I got them as close to it
as possible. It is very interesting to learn how watches have
developed. It's amazing when I think of the minds of the people
who had their hand in creating watches, how smart and technical
they must have been!

Prior to 1600 - The main problem was the driving power the
timepieces ran were balanced weights. This made it difficult to
carry them around.

1524 - Henlien was paid fifteen Florins for a gilt musk-apple
with a watch. This is the earliest date of watch production that
is known.

1548 - Other watches appeared and were probably French or German
in origin.

1575 - Swiss and English products began to appear. This was the
period of the most advancements and innovation. First watch
movements were made of steel and then later brass. They were
straight verge watches with no balance and were highly
inaccurate. The use of spiral-leaf main spring began. This
allowed the power of a movement without hanging weights. These
pieces were inconsistent in their accuracy.

1600 - 1675 - This was the age of decoration. Watches became
more of a decoration and jewelry piece rather than being
functional. The shape of cases changed from tambour cylinder
with a lid, to a circular case with hinged, domed covers on the
front and back. Champleve enamel and relieved case filled with
colored enamel appeared.

1620 - The glass crystals were fitted to the cases as a typical
alternative to metal opaque covers. The glass is translucent and
allowed the owner to see the time without taking off the cover.
In order to set the watch and see the time, the cover had to be

1625 - Plain watches came about as the result of the Puritan
movement. After 1660 - Fancy shapes and adornments were seen
mostly on ladies' watches.

1675 - The spiral balance spring is first used in watches. The
accuracy now was measured in fractions of minutes as opposed to
fractions of hours. This increased accuracy caused watchmakers
to create a dial that had a minute hand and was divided by

1675 - Charles II introduced waistcoats with pockets. Men now
carried their watches in their pockets rather than on a pendant.

1704 - Dullier and Debeaigre developed a method of using jewels
as bearings.

1715 - Sully found out that creating a small sink around each
hole would retain the oil because of the surface tension.

1725 - It was common to find a large diamond endstone in the

1750 - The names of watchmakers never appeared on the dials of
watches till now.

1761 - John Harrison made a clock that was so accurate it was
used to measure longitude during sea voyages.

1775 - Champleve is now rare. Purrelet began production of
self-winding watches.

1780 - Rareguel produced these watches.

1800 - The pocket chronometer was a readily available and
accurate watch.

1814 - Massey was the first who used a push or pump with a rack
that operated by pushing the pendant that turn on a ratchet
basic or going bowl.

1850 - The United States were the first to use mass production
with mixed results

1900 - Advances were made in metallurgy. This was the
introduction of the balance spring on the first verge watch.

1952 - Battery powered watches became available.

1970 - Electronic watches were very successful.

Watches today use quartz crystals, batteries, and there are even
atomic watches. Time tracking has never been more accurate and
advances in the field of Horolgy are being made all the time.

About the author:
Martin Smith is a successful freelance writer providing advice for consumers on purchasing a variety of products which includes Watches and more! His numerous articles provide a wonderfully researched resource of interesting and relevant information.

Dubey & Schaldenbrand Watches

George Dubey, professor of the La Chaux-de-Fonds school, developed a clever device called the Index Mobile at the beginning of the Forties. It carried out the functions of the stop watch of duplicate-seconds by binding the twin hands of the stop watch with a coiled spring.

In 1946, George Dubey and watchmaker Rene Schaldenbrand of comrade officially founded the company Dubey and Chaldenbrand to exploit the Index Mobile and to increase the line of the timepieces.

In 1960, 16 year old Cinette Robert, joined a local supply company as an apprentice of businesses. In 1985, Robert started to gather old movements of watch and became an independent retailer.

George Dubey finished his watch of pocket of the 17th swirl in 1990 and on his retirement in 1995, Robert acquired Dubey and Schaldenbrand watch company with an aim of selling high quality observes in the whole world. Today, more than 5000 timepieces are exported towards 30 countries.

Dubey and Schaldenbrand, sat in the village of Bridge-Of-Martel in the hills of the Jura, maintain its workshops in the Brenets neighbor. The mark specializes in elegant timepieces -- with the cases retro-inspired which are à.la.mode today.

Almost all the timepieces are automatic and much have practical complications -- calendars, great dates, indicators of power-reservation, time zones.

The majority of the movements are gauges of ETA or Valjoux, but Dubey and Chaldenbrand also publishes the limited editions placing the traditional movements which are not any more in the production.

The Dubey and Schaldenbrand watches have all the attributes of value -- fine execution, to name distinctive and rarity.

Dubey and Schaldenbrand watches are especially popular in Asia and Europe, which comprises of about 80 percent of production together. Hong Kong and New York are the largest markets of Dubey and Schaldenbrand.


The History of Alpina Watches

All started in 1883 when Gottlieb Hauser, timepiece and watch maker in Winterthur, founded Swiss Watchmakers Corporation ("Switzerland Clock and watch makers of company").

A certain number of timepiece and watch makers joined the components of watch of purchase and organized their manufacture. Quickly, the new concept gained acceptance. As qualified at the same time manufactures, association started to develop its own gauges and to increase its distribution network.

Outlines (the base of a gauge) were produced by the factory of Alpina Ebauche in Geneva, had by Duret and Colonnaz, which also played a significant role in the construction of the first gauges of Alpina. Final stages in the manufacture of the gauges were carried out in Bienne, the place of the principal quarters of association in date of 1890.

Success was fast and of the representations were installed in Germany as well as in Europe east and Scandinavian. In 1901, the name "Alpina" was registered like marks deposited at the same time; it appears only on the dials of the watches at end high. Beginning, watches of Alpina were manufactured with high-grade components, inter alia spirals of Brequet, wheels of balance with gold screws and heavy gold cases.


in the order also to be taken part in the German base of observe-manufacture, Horlogère union of Alpina founded the "Präcisions-Uhrenfabrik Alpina "in Glashütte in 1909.

The factories of the trade unions were now located in Geneva, Bienne, Besancon and Glashütte. In 1912, the first stop watch Glashütte d' Alpina was completed: it was equipped with an outline of stop watch builds by Alpina with a outfall of Glashütte instead of the typical Swiss outfall of anchor.

Another model was created in 1913: it was ' the watch a 21' marine, which was bought by the German navy then. The watches of Alpina Glashütte gained ground and directly competed with those of Lange and Söhne. In 1913, the felt of Lange and Söhne threatened and began a business in judgement to try to stop Alpina for the reason that not all the parts were manufactured in Glashütte.

The business in judgement trailed during years but was finally proven without merit. One dropped it in favour of Alpina in 1915. While waiting for world war that I had begun and had a feeling effect of suffocation on the "Präcisions-Uhrenfabrik Alpina "in Glashütte. The parts hardly could be send to the factory of Switzerland due to the restrictions on the imports of war.

Moreover, there were principal restrictions of movement of capital. The FIRST WORLD WAR during the First World War, the allied forces were not obviously satisfied with relationship with businesses between Switzerland and Germany. The factory of Alpina Glashütte had tested already principal problems but also the relationship between the Swiss factories of Alpina and their customers in Germany was under the strong pressure. Finally in 1917, towards the end of the First World War, association ' Horlogère union ' was dissolved formally.

The branch, which was responsible for the Swiss members, incorporated up to now the third association separated in the name "from Swiss Clock and watch makers of association of Alpina". The activities of the companies increased clearly after the First World War. Watches of Alpina were sold with great success in 2000 retailers around Europe, of Lisbon towards Copenhagen towards Moscow.

HOW The CLOCK MAKING union Did FUNCTION? All the representatives of Horlogère union depended on association, that the objectives to sell high quality observes mainly under the mark of Alpina. Each timepiece and watch maker, manufacturer or specialized store who wanted to go well to a member had to apply. The board of directors of the Horlogère union would study the candidature carefully and then to accept it or rejects.

One was well to a member after the payment of the fees of entry. Adhesion made it possible to each representative to draw benefit from the purchase of the watches of Alpina at the reasonable prices as well as much of other advantages described below. Association fought hard for the interests of its members and helped to stimulate the maximum growth.

Association was a non-profit organization. Each member was guaranteed to be the only representative of Alpina in his city except if the city were enough large to support more than one representative. The members could represent other marks, but could not be member of a similar organization. Association fixed prices at the detail of detail and members were dependent to maintain the prices overall to avoid discounting unconstructive.

Publicity on watches of Alpina was entirely paid the association of its pools coming from the subscriptions, the fees of entry and the subsidies calculated on the sales turnover of the suppliers. In date of 1908, association created a guarantee, which was valid in all the stores selling the watch of Alpina in the Swiss network. Then in 1926, this guarantee became validates internationally.
The retailers could be useful themselves of a decorator to help them to carry out the attractive windows. Association organized being sold and of the technical training courses regularly.

To finish, association published its own newspaper informing its members on developments and innovations. The regular Committee mainly directed association. The Committee would meet several times per year to review new applications, the discussion disputes between the members, to determine the contents of the new catalogue, its cost, the quantity of participation, etc. The principal event without any doubt was the annual congress, a kind of mini fair during two days with a great atmosphere: Alpinists coming from everywhere in the world were invited to discover the new products and to place them order in advance. The congress was a social event where the members could share their problems and experiments, and also forms in the long run strong friendships. Alpinists trained a great family, prepare to support her members during the good and bad times.


The American mark gruen, of Cincinnati, wished a fusion with Alpina in order to employ its European distribution network. In 1929, "Gilde gruen SA of Alpina" is constant, the greatest community of interests which ever existed in the horological field. The factories belonging to the new company were rationalized to produce standard gauges, and the quality of Alpina and improved watches gruen. The model of climax currently created is "Watch of the doctor" produced by the factory of Aegler. Rolex later bought the factory of Aegler. "Watch of the doctor" was distributed under the names of Alpina, gruen, Alpina-Gruen and of Rolex ("prince"). But the infatuation of the beginning had a short duration. Even when gruen the produced watches of good quality, it was almost unknown in Europe.

Moreover gruen wanted to sell its watches at prices higher than Alpina, which made it very difficult so that the European members of association accept gruen. At the same time, gruen seemed limited the access of Alpina to its members of the United States. The heavy losses were the result of this co-operation, and the two marks separated in 1937; Clock making SA of the trade unions of Alpina only continued. BEST-sellers of ALPINA in 1933, Alpina presented its first "sport-observe", the steel "Blockuhr". During this time, Alpina made also patent a new type of crown (Patent 1464). Thanks to technical progress, sport-observes advanced quickly and became the "Alpina 4" in 1938.

The "4" meant that combination of four principal qualities of Alpina sport-observe: 1) anti magnetic, 2) impermeable with water (thanks to its case of "Genève"), 3) equipped with the shock-proof system of Incabloc, and to finish, 4) stainless steel. The "Alpina 4"was manufactured with the gauge with automatic reassembly 592, one of Alpina of the strongest gauges of its generation. This gauge was employed later equip with other sport-models such as Alpina 70 (1953), Standard (1958) and Tropicproof (1968). In 1945, the first automatic movement of Alpina was carried out, gauge 582. The automatic system of rolling up functioned with a mechanism with two springs where the mass of oscillation enters moved in the two directions. This large and precise movement (12 lines of ½) was equipped with a spiral of Nivarox, had 18 000 alternations and the system of Incabloc. Its reservation of power was 40 hours.

In 1957, president d' Alpina was introduced and quickly became notorious as a reliable automatic sport-observe (584c with the date gauges). In 1963, Alpina carried out an automatic movement for women; smallest and most extremely ever still made, gauge 362 (6 lines of ½). That functioned with a system of rotor, turning in the two manners. Those are little the most known models. The collection of Alpina to its size was composed of hundreds of models (there were 1000 models exhibés with the congress 1958').

Retrospectively, one can indicate that the sport-line was the principal center of the collection of Alpina. Since 1933, Alpina improved the execution of the sound sport-observes without interruption and follow-up with these watches an evolution where people engaged in more activities of spare time. The SECOND WORLD WAR while the Horlogère union had separated with three companies legally independent during the First World War, reports/ratios were still under the intense meticulous examination during the world war II. The restrictions of importation and movement of capital as well as of the problems of voyage removed several of its activities. Thereafter, the allied forces tightened the Swiss union Horlogère of Alpina to drop the use of the name from Alpina in Germany.

German association then adopts named Dugena (Deutsche Uhremacher-Genossenschaft Alpina), which becomes their new trade mark. AFTER the WAR after the war, the co-operation restarted intensively. The change of the name in Germany with Dugena even had a positive effect because the members could now also start to sell watches produced in Germany. The Swiss union Horlogère sold still only the watches at end high of Switzerland to its members, including German association under the strong mark of Alpina. Alpina continued to develop and the congress reconciled every year with more and more people. All functioned well until the years ' 70, when the quartz crises violently crushed Swiss observe-industry. Alpina was impotent to avoid the overpowering appearance of the electronic watches.

Other principal marks met to set up the groups (predecessor of the group of Swatch), but Alpina tried to only fight it without really succeeding In 1972, SA international of watch of Alpina was built-in with the new German investors, who bought all the shares in Horlogère SA of the trade unions of Alpina. A few years after, the German investors arranged the company in Köln, Germany. Alpina continued to be sold in a more restrictive way under the new slogan which more clearly determined the commercial directive of the mark: "Alpina the mark reserved to the specialized retailers".

Watches were now sold partly of Köln, other diluting the clearness of the company. Most of the preceding spirit of "Alpinist "which made so strong Alpina obtained lost. The creation and the renewal of product were controlled partly of the company of distribution in Germany having for result the collections less than logical which had reduced the call of the market. Alpina missed the rebirth of the mechanical watch in the years ' 80 and the years ' 90, probably due to the fact that the German investors behind SA international of watch of Alpina were too remote far from the epicentre of the mechanical watch making in Switzerland.

Always however, part of the "Alpinists "meets by today in an annual meeting without ceremony. It is a clear objective so that new Alpina takes again the spirit of Alpinist which made Alpina so strong in the past. Watches are sold by today in only roughly 30 stores in Germany. The REBIRTH D' CAlpina in February 2002, Frederique Geneva constant bought SA international of watch of Alpina. The constant of Frederique produced traditional-to look at mainly the mechanical watches up to now, and will develop a new collection of sports under the name of Alpina, perpetuating the heritage of Alpina.

The new collection of Alpina of technical watches of sport is composed of 25 mechanical models, some equipped with the complications; two families with various models should attract various kinds of COLLECTIONS of sportsmen. THE because the first model of the new collection of Alpina, heritage has a significant part to play; to establish the bond between the past and the present of the mark. Its case formed by rather massive cushion is equipped with an automatic movement and a dial inspired by the years ' 30. Among the various lines, the stop watch, decorated with the snail balance in the center of the dial, and balance of rangefinder to the periphery, is one of the nicest examples.

The strong lines and the originality marry sports of level raised with elegance. It is an excellent base so that the collections come. Startimer is an old recorded trade mark of Alpina and was employed for the second new collection of Alpina. The collection of Startimer returns with a very real design and interesting characteristics like an additional crown located at 10 hours to turn internal revolving mounting. A model part has even two internal revolving mountings. The small edge of the case increases the impression of the wideness watches; the broad painted numbers, the vertical alignment of the dials of the stop watch with the balance of tachometer.


Sunday, October 22, 2006

Own a luxury watch to party with a celeb

By Sylvia Toh Paik Choo

A LUXURIOUS timepiece is an investment, though not necessarily in the way you may think. Like reselling your Rolex at a collector's price.

There are some 24 names of haute horology (high-end watches) available from the big three timekeepers here - Cortina Watch, The Hour Glass, Sincere Watch.

And that many customers.

They are referred to, or addressed as 'valued' and 'preferred', and are people who sport on their gym-trimmed wrists a watch that can cost more than a condominium. (The $1.6 million Patek Philippe, the $900,000 Audemars Piguet.)

And two or three times a year, the said clientele are invited to see their luxury timepiece investment kick in.

They go to champagne parties where the guest of honour is an international, or at least regional, celebrity, and get a chance to have their picture taken with the star guest.

In recent times, model Cindy Crawford, tennis player Anna Kournikova (both for Omega) and actress Maggie Cheung (for Ebel) have put in their appearances here. (It is never a good time to ask how much they are paid for their cameo performances.)

Last week Cortina Watch brought in the Hong Kong actress Rosamund Kwan to launch its Jewellery Time 2006 coffee-table book.

Kwan and 15 Singapore socialites are featured between the covers of the book, wearing their favourite big ticket tick-tocks, 16 brands in all, each exquisite piece more difficult to pronounce and more diamond-blinding than the one before.

The cocktail party in the atrium of the Paragon was oversubscribed - 700 RSVPed, yes for a sight of the beautiful Kwan (50 films in 30 years).

She must have started in her early teens!

One of the aesthetic doctor customers said: No lah, she has had work done.

But then who hasn't?

The champers bubbled, the models un-smiled as models must, the live band and Jacinta swung into song, the finger food was ignored, and Kwan's brother just about made the socialites wait their turn to be snapped by his sister's side.

How about Brad Pitt or Pierce Brosnan next time?

Mr Anthony Lim, founder and chairman of Cortina Watch, said: 'No, people want to see the actresses.'

Paragon's shoppers and browsers had the best overall view of the event from the floors above the atrium.

Source: Electric New Paper - Singapore,Singapore

Saturday, October 21, 2006

The Watch Products of Oskar Emil

Oskar Emil was established in 1993.

Designers of elegant timepieces Oskar Emil presents its fine example of watch making technology and offers you an exciting and diversified assortment of case shapes, finishes and also various dial textures and colour combinations. New designs are constantly be added to the range which covers elegant dress and sports models for both men and women.

Oskar Emil watches are all quite a classic design which means your watch is never out of fashion! You will find that with an Oskar Emil watch it can be worn casually with jeans for during the day or alternatively look just as good with an evening dress or for men with a dinner suit, in the UK and Europe men and women have found that their watch is now an important part of their jewellery wardrobe and just adds that finishing touch to compliment any outfit.

Your Oskar Emil watch being of classic design means that it can be passed on to the next generation and if cared for will last for many years and make the ideal air-loom.

Oskar Emil use high grade stainless steel or 925 Sterling Silver – all watch bracelets are solid and not a folded material which makes the timepiece far more durable and when plated we use 23ct gold plating which is vacuumed (would be the equivalent of 3 – 4 microns in thickness) so it is very hard wearing and none of our watches contain nickel they all comply to the Swiss Federations Standards.

All watches are oversized and links can be removed very easily at a local jewellers/watch repairers, should any extra links be required these can be obtained from us or any jeweller or customer would be able to contact us for links to be forwarded. (please allow 2 working days).

Oskar Emil are passionate about quality and have extremely stringent standards. Oskar Emil watches are subjected to rigorous testing for precision, resistance and sturdiness with each watch being assembled and hand finished in order to meet the required high standards.

Oskar Emil offer a 5 year international movement warranty with each watch which is contained in the back of the instruction booklet, this instruction booklet will also assist customers in caring for their timepiece.
Currently Oskar Emil is selling in the UK, Ireland, most parts of Europe, Canada and more recently in Australia and New Zealand.

For more information on Oskar Emil Watches for the US Market contact us.

Vulcain - New sound and new collections

Golden Voice: a name that in 2006 is writing a new chapter in the history of
the Manufacture Vulcain. Vulcanographe: A model that represents a return to the brand’s roots. After the world-first launch of the Imperial Gong Tourbillon in 2005, deliveries of which are continuing this year, Vulcain reinforces its presence in the field of useful complications. And the new Calibre V-11, an evolution of the historical Cricket alarm movement, pursues its deployment.

The Manufacture in Le Locle unveils Golden Voice, an original collection characterised by a new gentle and discreet sound heralding a whole new era in the history of the legendary Vulcain calibre. Two new references vibrate to the sound of this recent development. The round Golden Voice is distinguished by its classicism and pure aesthetics, while the square Golden Voice model is in tune with the current trend for shaped watches and matches the tastes of a youthful urban clientele. By its very nature, this new evolution enriches the most famous alarm calibre of all with a new vibrate reminder function.

While Vulcain has produced a number of chronographs since its founding in 1858, many of which are now collector’s pieces, the Manufacture in Le Locle has now chosen to return to roots by presenting an exceptional chronograph combining several useful complications.

Representing the first automatic movement of the Vulcain renewal, the self-winding Calibre V-50, a mechanical column-wheel chronograph movement powering the Vulcanographe, model, combines chronograph functions with GMT and Large Date indications.
Pursuing its determination to highlight the forms of artistic craftsmanship related to watchmaking, Vulcain continues its production of watches with cloisonné enamel dials. In tribute to one of the most fabulous adventures in civil aviation, the Concorde motif is available in an 18-carat white gold version issued in a limited edition of 25.
In light of last year’s successful launch of the Imperial Gong Tourbillon, a world-first creation combining an alarm calibre with a tourbillon, the Manufacture in Le Locle will be pursuing deliveries of this model in order to meet the expectations of many customers impatient to add it to their collection of exceptional Haute Horlogerie creations.

2006 will also see the new Calibre V-11, a date-enhanced version of the historical Cricket alarm movement, developing its full potential through the extended presence in all points of sale of the Aviator Dual-Time Quantième model. After being admired by professionals, it is already receiving an enthusiastic public welcome that augurs well for a bright future.

On the Web

Friday, October 20, 2006

Limited Edition Thomas Anders Watch

Best known as singer of the Germany Pop Sensation Modern Talking, Thomas Anders now on Solo career, remains a very popular artist in Europe.

To support a good cause (an auction of the Riedenschild Limited Edition Thomas Anders watch was posted to eBay with the high bid being donated to a charity), Thomas Anders has endorsed a limit production run of 299 pices of this attractive Chrono Watch by Riedenschild. The specifications are:

- Reference Number: 1105-TA Chrono
- Limited to only 299 Pieces
- Serial Number is engraved on the left side corner
- Authentic Signature on the dial
- Swiss Made Movement by ISA with date, alarm and chrono functions
- Stainless Steel case with 42 mm case diameter
- Solid quality construction
- Diamond firm coating glass
- Genuine leather strap Made in Germany with Stainless Steel folding clasp
- Warranty card, certificate of authenticity and operating manual
- Luxury wooden collectors box
- 2 Year Warranty

Pilot Watches “Laco by Lacher”

In the 1930s and 1940s the so-called observation watches were an essential part of a pilot’s equipment. This observation watch served as a means of navigation in addition to the cockpit instruments compass and altimeter during the visual flights common at that time with previously fixed routes and turning points. Therefore the mechanical watch movements had to be of highest precision. The technical features of these watches were specified by the Reichs-Luftfahrt-Ministerium (ministry for aviation). The shape of the hands, the design of the dial, the typeface and also the dimension of the crown were defined by this ministry.

The number “12” on the dial, marked with an arrow, enabled the pilot to get a fast orientation in each situation, and by means of the disproportional big crown the watch could be handled without having to remove the gloves. In order to ensure that the dial could be read during night the hands and the numbers on the dial were equipped with radium, a radioactive material with high luminosity. These observation watches were classified with “FL23883”, a description for navigation instruments. This number was engraved on the outside of the case, on the opposite side of the crown. Because of the size of the watch - case diameter of 55 mm - it was worn over the pilot’s jacket.

Due to the high standard concerning precision and reliability the production of the observation watches was a great challenge for the watch manufacturers. In the 1930s and 1940s, only five companies were authorized to produce such observation watches: IWC in Schaffhausen, Lange + Söhne in Glashütte, Wempe in Hamburg, and Stowa and Laco (Lacher & Co.) in Pforzheim.

To celebrate the watchmaking company's 75th anniversary in the year 2000, the company Erich Lacher Uhrenfabrik was re-issuing 75 of its legendary observation watches of the 1940s (case diameter of 55 mm). The movement used for these replica pilot watches was the DUROWE cal. D5 with original parts produced at that time. This limited edition of 75 pieces was quickly sold out.

Recalling its long years of manufacturing experience, Lacher has also developed a series of five scaled-down pilot watches (case diameter of 42 mm). This series has been produced in accordance with the original designs, but boasts the latest workings for a modern twist. The following models are available:

▪ 3-hands quartz watch with date (ETA 955.114)
▪ Quartz chronograph (ISA 8161.201)
▪ Automatic watch with date (ETA 2824.2)
▪ Handwinding watch with small second (UNITAS 6498)
▪ Automatic chronograph (VALJOUX 7750)

The Laco pilot watch with automatic movement received the award "Goldene Unruh 2001" in the category of watches up to Euro 500,-.

As the anniversary edition of the Laco pilot watches was such a great success the company Lacher decided to launch at the beginning of the year 2003 a new pilot watch series of even higher quality. These five new models are available exclusively with refined mechanical movements (Côte de Genève and blue colored screws) which can be seen through the exhibition back. All those models are equipped with stainless steel cases and a domed sapphire crystal. A deluxe presentation box including a spare leather strap underlines the high quality of this new series of pilot watches. Furthermore it comprises two models with a case diameter of 36 mm which makes them also available for ladies.

The latest novelty concerning the pilot watches has been the development of the “original” pilot watch leather strap. The high-quality leather strap has the same design and functionality as the leather strap that was used for the original observation watch of the 1940s. Due to its size of 55 mm case diameter the observation watch of that time was worn over the pilots jacket. The current leather strap is available in a wearable length and it is adjusted to the different case diameters. Optionally the pilot watches are also available with a solid stainless steel bracelet.

To inquire or for more information please contact

Thursday, October 19, 2006

History of Luminox Watches

Author: Zai Zhu

Luminox watches are known by the self-powered illumination system that is unique to them, and guaranteed to last for at least ten years. In order to incorporate this facility, Luminox watches undergo additional manufacturing steps that no other
watches in the world do. The history of Luminox is closely tied to this unique feature of its watches.

Richard Timbo and Barry Cohen, two business acquaintances who knew each other through their career as sales representatives, were looking for creating a market through branded products or proprietary technology that would place a barrier on
competition. They found the Swiss company RMBG, which had a unique illumination technology, and suggested that this technology be incorporated into Swiss watches, and obtained exclusive rights for the use of the technology in Northern

The new design watches, which were initially marketed under the brand name of the Swiss company, was soon re-christened Luminox, a name highly suggestive of its unique illumination capabilities that had been derived from the Latin roots Lumi, meaning light,and nox meaning night.

The unknown brand of watches was still struggling to make a mark in a competitive market that laid great value by brand name, when it got a break in the form of a call from a US navy procurement officer. In 1993 the company received an invitation
from the procurement officer of the US Navy SEAL teams to supply it with a specially designed range of watches. The US navy's Sea, Air and Land (SEAL) teams needed a dive watch for use on their night missions. Luminox took up the challenge and worked
with its Swiss partner for nine months before coming out with the first Navy SEAL watch in 1994.

This was a turning point in the history of Luminox watches. The seal of approval given by the SEAL improved the credibility of the brand and boosted its image in the consumer market. Demand for the watches started to grow. The company started selling its plastic model Luminox watches.

After selling several thousands of its plastic model watches for five years, the company introduced the first steel version, with carbon fiber bezel, in 1999. The steel version of the SEAL dive watches was an instant success. From this, it was apparent to the manufacturers that if they could make the watches in greater
varieties and numbers, the market would absorb them. This spurred the company on to an expansion drive and the desire to introduce new models.

In the fall of 2000, the company came out with an all steel series and an all titanium series. The new launches were again greeted with resounding success, as the market lapped up both the products. These series incorporated features that are found
in what are considered fine watches, and included 10-year lithium batteries, sapphire glass crystals and anti reflective coating.

The company also developed a new version that was targeted at special customers adding freshness to its range.

If the call from the US navy was a major milestone in the history of Luminox watches, the Air force was not to lag far behind. The company received a call in 1999 from the Edwards Air Force base informing them that they loved the watches produced by them, and would like to have a version for use during their bombing missions. The requirement was to develop something specifically for them, and not to supply or even adapt the version that was supplied to the Navy. This gave rise to a
series of watches that was developed for use by F-117 Nighthawk stealth pilots.

Luminox subsequently acquired rights to develop watches for the unique requirements of aviation industry. Thus was born another range of watches in the Luminox group.

The company is now working on plans for new ranges of watches for meeting both the requirements of the Navy and the Air Force, and is also taking several measures to retain and consolidate it's hold in the retail market.

Zai Zhu is a watch collector and a watch dealer. Visit his store to shop over 1000 styles of watches including many Luminox watches, Citizen watches, Orient watches, Invicta watches, and many more, as well as to learn about watches.

What Is The Best Watch Winder

Author: Paton Jackson

People keep asking me - which watch winder to buy. Surprisingly, there are dozens of different watch winders in the market. You could always find a discount watch winder or buy the cheapest watch winders, but most of the automatic watch owners are
dealing with the decision whether to buy Steinhausen watch winders, Scatola watch winders or Eilux watch winder.

For the sake of propriety, a few words about watch winders -
Automatic watch winders are mainly used for two purposes:

1. Automatic watch winder - Automatic watches are getting more and more common. Instead of rewinding the watch manually each time the power reserve is out, one can use a watch winder. It may get more complicated to manually wind watches with
complicated parameters such as perpetual calendar and moon phase.

2. Winding watches with screwed crowns - Each time one screws or unscrews the crown is worn down. Watch winders will enable the watch to operate for a longer time.

Before we go on, I must add one more suggestion: When buying a new watch winder, get also a watch winder box or a watch winder case to protect your watch winder.

The number one automatic watch winder is definitely the Scatola watch winder. The Scatola watch winder is designed by world class artisans. In fact, Scatola watch winders are manufactured in limited quantities so you can be sure of the extra care that goes into each watch winder. A Scatola watch winder is made of quality products such as gold plated clasps and zippers, and Swiss made high precision micro motors.

The next best watch winder would have to be the Steinhausen watch winder. A Steinhausen watch winders certainly has the best prestige look of all automatic watch winders. It is the best way to display your watches collection in your living room and impress your friends.

Our experts made a research to find the best place to get watch winder. Find the results on the Discount watch winder online store.

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